How Can Hospitals in Afghanistan Become Smart

Hospitals and clinics in Afghanistan have medical record system with poor accuracy, in which errors of clinicians are not captured. Since, surveillance and research in hospitals are heavily reliant on collecting accurate data on processes and outcomes of care, substantial improvement is needed in medical record accuracy.[1]

Dozens of consultations are carried our each month in these clinics and hospitals, however, patient data is recorded manually, then stored by the medical record section in physical folders. Often times the medical record department loses the physical records or in some cases the patients take original physical files without a copy handed over to medical record department of the clinic or hospital . Based on JS Consultancy Services visits of  hospitals and clinics in Parwan and Kabul provinces, it’s found that patients’ data within clinics and hospitals is not used for decision making, research and learning purposes. The main reasons identified for such lack of usability of patients’s data are difficulty in retrieval, due to huge number of physical records, and improper recording of data.

In this article I am going to introduce three open source Electronic Medical Record (EMR) systems with their pros and cons. These systems can help clinics and hospitals save resources, have a centralized EMR system, improve services by modifying processes and make future decisions based on data available at their computer screens.  (more…)

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Improve Collaboration With Dropbox and Google Drive In Your Organization

Organizations can save resources and time and enhance efficiency by adopting simple solutions  such as Dropbox and Google Drive available in the IT world. In this article I am going to introduce two solutions or services that helped me and my team save a huge amount of time spent in sharing data, documents and information, reduced the number of emails exchanged between the team members, and made it easy to access my documents from my office desk or from home.

The two solutions have some common features while they are developed and introduced by two different companies. In the next part of this article I will provide brief information about both solutions, their features and how can organizations use them to improve collaboration among teams and their departments.

1. Google Drive:

Google began working on an online storage platform in 2006; because more time and resources were allocated to the search engine the idea was delayed for six years. Google Drive was initiated in April 2012 by Google as a storage, team collaboration, file sharing and document, spreadsheet and presentation editing service. Google Docs, Sheets, and Slides used for collaborative editing of documents, spreadsheets, presentations, drawings and forms are included in Google Drive. As of October 2014, Google drive was used by 240 million users on a monthly basis.



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Moodle for Efficient Teaching and Learning in Afghan Education Institutes

The concept of Course Management System (CMS) is either not known or very new in education institutes in Afghanistan. For example, the student teacher interaction in education institutes happens in its traditional manner, in other words the interaction is limited to class time; outside the class interaction either does not exist or is very limited.
Exam marks are announced publicly through the notice board of the college, course contents such as reading materials, power point slides and assignments are shared in printed version or via email and USB flash disk and students submit their assignments in printed version and or through a USB flash drive.Looking at the growing number of education institutes and colleges in the country, quality of teaching and learning, and services offered are becoming important components of competition in the market. A course management system in this case will not only help enhance delivery of education but also  add to the quality of services offered by an institute. For example, students will have direct access to course contents from anywhere, they can submit assignments or take a test online or have interaction with their classmates and the course instructor. In addition, an institute can financially benefit as a result of reduction in expenses spent for printing of materials and staffing hours.
In this article I focused on Moodle (acronym for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) an open source solution that has been tested and used by hundreds of schools, colleges, universities and private and public businesses worldwide. Moodle is designed to provide educators, administrators and learners with a single robust, secure and integrated system to create personalised learning environments. Institutes can benefit to a great extent from the features offered through Moodle; these features are described in brief in this article.


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Open Source School Management Solutions – A Comparison

There are several school management solutions available in the market, however, it’s still a challenge for schools to shift from the manual i.e. book keeping system to the digital system. Awareness, cost and support services are some of the main reasons why schools are still managed manually.

Luckily there are several school management software solutions out of which I have selected a few and have provided pros and cons for each. 

1. School Tool:

School Tool is built specifically to meet the needs of New York State (NYS) or NYS certified schools in the United States.


School Tool is a web based school management system, which makes it easy for administrators, faculty, and staff to navigate, to record and report information faster and easier.

School Tool has a handful of features that include but are not limited to:

  • Easy-to-use advanced search
  • Track, monitor, and report on faculty and students
  • View students attendance class performance history
  • Communicate with school and district personnel
  • Mobile access to critical information
  • Easily change student schedules with drag-and-drop tools
  • Generate report cards and transcripts
  • Manage graduation requirements and students’ course history
  • Complex searches, grade search, and assessment tracking
  • Online help for all users


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